Derry last adress


I wrote about him here after a meeting we had in Periana (Malaga, Spain). Now I found his last adress in this picture published here.
He wrote a book of memoirs, translated to Portuguese, his son Bill helping, that I found at Foyle's, signed. I phone him then just asking if he had been there autographing it. He reply: no!
Later when I met him he signed again «spies like us», joking!

More about "Jack" Beevor


More details here about John Beevor, head of SOE station in Lisboa: number 98083, parent unit Royal Artilleryborn 1.3.1905; educated Winchester College; Winchester College OTC (Cadet C.S.M.); commissioned Lieutenant,R.A. 30.8.1939; postwar resided Fulham, London; author "SOE Recollections and Reflections 1940-1945" (1981).
He is te father of Anthony Beevor, the military historian.

Azores facilities: Vintras book after Vernon Walters

An analysis concerning the book of Colonal Ronald Eugene Vintras [1908-194] about the Azores facilities: 

«The Portuguese Connection is an interesting anecdotal book that serves admirably to illustrate the unique 600-year treaty relationship between Great Britain and Portugal and the good use made of that relationship in 1943 to obtain essential base rights for Allied Naval and Air Forces in the Azores.
A 70-page appendix sets forth the original 1373 Treaty of Alliance and Friendship and the changes wrought in a half-dozen revisions by 1703. It is interesting, however, that the British in 1943 maintained that their request was still based on the principles set forth in 1373.
That treaty stipulated that if one signatory should find itself at war, the other should furnish such aid as was requested "in as far as is compatible with the danger threatening himself or his Kingdom." The Portuguese government, in fact, offered in 1941 to declare war on Germany in accordance with the treaty, but the United Kingdom at that time would have been hard-pressed to offer any reciprocal aid, and asked the Portuguese to stay neutral. As one byproduct, the Portuguese were to upgrade Azores air facilities to handle heavy aircraft such as Fortresses and Liberators, but the British would afford only long-range advice and send no personnel to the Azores.
The Battle of the Atlantic made the difference. In less than two years, the British came to realize that Azores bases were essential to extend air cover over the mid-Atlantic "gaps" where U-boat wolfpacks could tear at the convoys without interference.
The rest of the book concerns primarily the pulling and hauling within the British government over the proper approach: what guarantees could be offered to Lisbon and when? Was President Salazar pro-Nazi? And should it be a request, or an ultimatum, and should it be followed up by armed seizure if necessary?
Ironically, the documents show that on June 18* the British Ambassador handed Salazar a mild communication asking for the desired collaboration, and Salazar replied warmly on June 23 agreeing in principle, with details to be hammered out. A British force disembarked in the Azores on Oct. 8 to complete the preparations, and by Nov. 9 the aircraft had their first U-boat kill.
Except for a few scattered paragraphs, the intelligence reader has to dig for intelligence value in this book. It has to do primarily with the successful effort to conceal the negotiations from the Germans, who had a pervasive espionage system in Lisbon at the time.


Vintras, of course, is not the disinterested reporter here. A career RAF officer, he was a member of the joint Planning Staff of the British Chiefs of Staff, subordinate to the War Cabinet, from 1940 through most of 1943, and played a major role in the negotiations with Portugal. He finished the war as Director of Intelligence in the Air Ministry, and then served three years in the joint Intelligence Bureau of the Ministry of Defense before retiring.
In Vintras' book there is little, if any, mention of U.S. activities to help convince the Portuguese to make the Azores available to the Allies. In April 1943 I accompanied Lt. Colonel Craveiro Lopes and Major Costa Macedo on a two-month trip around the United States, showing them U.S. military installations and industrial power. (The U.S. entry into the war was, of course, the single greatest element in the ultimate Portuguese decision.) When initially I saw the schedule for the Portuguese visitors, I asked whether we were really going to show them all this — Lockheed at Fort Worth, building four-engine bombers on a visibly moving assembly line; Higgins, building landing craft at New Orleans; Kaiser, launching ships in California at an incredible rate; and Chrysler, building tanks in Detroit. I was told that we had reached the point where we no longer wanted to hide; we wanted to show.
When Craveiro Lopes and Costa Macedo arrived, they had recently visited the Eastern Front and were enormously impressed by the effectiveness of the German Armed Forces. Craveiro Lopes told me early in his visit that we could not invade Europe through the Atlantic wall. Before the end of his visit, standing in the Curtiss-Wright factory in Buffalo and looking at the long line of C-46 aircraft under construction, all of which had hooks on the tail to tow gliders, he looked at me, startled, and said, "Now I see you are going over the Atlantic wall." "Over and through," I replied. These hooks greatly impressed him, and he never again challenged the fact that we would land in Europe. Costa Macedo was staggered by the aircraft factories and tank production lines.
Diplomatically, the State Department was pressing the Portuguese Minister to the U.S., Joao de Bianchi, in support of the British efforts to get base rights. I recall one conversation with Bianchi in which he told me confidentially that he was in favor of granting the Allies the bases, but Lisbon feared a German attack in the islands. I pointed out to him that the Azores were beyond the range of almost every aircraft in the German Air Force. The Germans could strike at metropolitan Portugal only through Spain, and they would not want to get into an additional war at this stage.
Contrary to what Vintras says, the U.S. did recognize the importance of he Anglo-Portuguese Treaty relationship and it was made clear to me in 1943 that this was the umbrella under which we intended to slide into the Azores as subtenants of the British.
There are minor inconsistencies. Vintras says that English was the lingua franca in Portugal in 1943, not French. That is nonsense. To this day far more people in Portugal speak French than English. It is just much easier for them than English.
The book is an interesting account of the British efforts to obtain base rights from the Portuguese. It simply omits any reference to the significant part played by the U.S. and even Brazil which was prepared to conduct the Azores takeover if it became necessary.»

* Apparently the request was conveyed to Salazar on June 16, followed by the AideMemoire two days later. Vintras with obvious carelessness refers to a request on June 16 and an answer "the next day — 17th August." Vintras also has the British Military Mission to implement the agreement arriving at Lisbon on June 10.

 [author: Lt. General Vernon Walters, here]

Portugal in World War II

I found it in the National WW II Museum at New Orleans [see it here], a speech about Portugal during the conflitct. Walt Burgoyne lecture, starting with a reference to the Portuguese help to the crew of an aircraft sunk at Algarve.

Carol II: the story of a stamped letter


An envelope with a Post Office stamp with the picture of King Caroll II, of Roumania, dated 9th April 1939. The war was too close. King's dictatorship close to the end.
I bought it to a street seller in OPorto.
Adressed to AKO, Zürich, sent from Cluj, Rua Regele Ferdinand, n.º 48. Today is here.

Oswald Theodor Baron von Hoyningen-Huene


I found a picture of him, and an article [in Portuguese] concerning his role in Portugal in cultural affairs.
German Amabassador in Portugal since 1934 and during the major part of WW2.
Facing him António Ferro, the Director of the Propaganda Services of the Regime. [for more, in Portuguese, here]

Beta Naphthol: Rogério de Menezes secret writing




The secret ink that was given by the German controller agent in Lisboa to Rogério de Menezes, the Axis agent who worked in the Portuguese Embassy in London, being Armindo Monteiro the Ambassador, was "Beta Naphthol".
With it he sent messages to the Sicherheitdiesnt contact in Portugal and to the Italian informant. 
Looking further details about it I discovered this topic: "dermatitis due to invisible ink". Se it here. The product is exactly the same. 


Once developed, by Mi5 scientist Dr. Henry Vincent Aird Briscoe, using ammonia gas and ultraviolet light to make it fluoresce, the messages could be read for some seconds and photographed.
In the process some of the letters were destroyed. Menezes notice that the letters he was sending to his sister, where the others clandestine letters where hidden, did not arrive.
Strange fact, because they were not sent by post but in the Portuguese diplomatic bag. 
Reason: the British Mi5 was violating it...

Mary Christine Beevor interview


Mary Christine Beevor interviewed: British civilian secretary with MI5 in London, GB, 1939-1940; secretary with MI6 in Lisbon, Portugal rorking with Richmond Stopford, 1940-1942; secretary with Planning Section, Air Ministry in London, GB and during Yalta and Potsdam Conferences, 1942-1945 [source, IMperial War Museum, London [here]
Beevor Mary Christine IWM interview (9599)

Portugal ammunition reserves: 1939


«In 1939, the ammunition depots of the Portuguese were estimated to withstand only 3 days of intense fighting», as can be read here, in the blog of João Paulo Maganinho.

Warsaw, Conference on Enigma Machine


The Conference took place in Warsaw in 2009. It was about Polish contribution during WW2 for intelligence, counter-intelligence and mostly for deciphering the Enigma Machine traffic.
I was invited and produced a paper about SOE in Portugal. 
I found the news about the event, today, here.


Flowers were a form to pay the tribute to the man who did the work to crack the German cypher machine, Marian Rejewski.





Umberto Campini, the end


I think it its the tomb of Italian Consul in Mozambique, the Master spy who was Malcolm Muggeridge target when he was posted as Mi6 British agent in Lourenço Marques, Umberto Campini, who acted under the cover of Stefani News Agency, with an extensive network including as his aide Alfredo Manna, a musician.

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Source of the information here

3D Spies of WWII

Air espionage during WW2. Through stereoscope 3D images of German targets. RAF did it.



3D Spies of WWII por BrarFilms

King Carol's funeral in Portugal, 1953


King's Carol, II [Carol von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen] and M. Lupescu stay in Portugal, where he arrived Mars 1941, caused some distress to Oliveira Salazar, because he was the Heir of the legitimate branch of the Monarchy, dethroned in 1910. 
But he lived here in Vivenda Girassol, one of the "golden crowns" that took our country has a quiet exile.
British Ambassador in Madrid, Sir Samuel Hoare, in his memoirs [Ambassador with a special mission, 1946] writes how delighted he was when he knew that the Monarch had escape from Spain when, despite the promises of Serrano Suñer, the Spanish Foreign Affairs Minister, he was confined. 
Everything had been previously arranged through the contacts between the Romanian Ambassador and the Portuguese Foreign Affairs Ministry.
He died of a heart attack on April 4th, 1953. His remains were returned to Romania in 2003.

[click in the image for the trauler of the video]

Vatican and Portugal: 1940


Vatican and Portugal diplomatic relationship and the esteem of the Pope towards Salazar is clear reading today the speech of Pius XII at 20md October 1940, receiving the credentials of the Portuguese Ambassador Carneiro Pacheco.


«Il Signore ha dato alla Nazione Portoghese un Capo di Governo che ha saputo conquistare non soltanto l'amore del popolo suo, e specialmente delle classi misere, ma anche il rispetto é la stima del mondo. A lui spetta il merito di esser stato, in riguardo a questo Governo, e sotto gli auspici dell'eminente Presidente della Repubblica, l'artefice d'una grande opera di pace fra lo Stato e la Chiesa, questa società perfetta e suprema la cui benefica azione dopo le tristi esperienze fatte in un torbido passato, potrà ora adoperarsi con sicurezza in mezzo al diletto popolo portoghese.»

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Full text here

A letter from Spain


A letter from Spain to Portugal. In the remainder of envelope the image of Francisco Franco, "El Caudillo".
The rubber stamp is from the Military Censorship. Adressee name and adress was erased.

Exposição do Mundo Português, 1940


Information and media about 1940 "Exposição do Mundo Português", part of the "Comemoração dos Cenetenários", is published here in my blog abou secret war written in Portugueses. A film documentary, directed by António Lopes Ribeiro, is part of the material I compiled. Great Britain was represented by HRH The Duke of Kent.

German agenda, propaganda in Lisboa

German propaganda trough a pocket agenda, a gift from the German Information Service in Lisbon. 

I found it in my archives. 

Quotations from the Führer show him as the hope for a Christian, free, egalitarian society.

URSS was the only enemy, the Brits because they supported them

[read more, here, in Portuguese]

1939: Legionnaires parade

1939: Portuguese legionnaires parade, celebrating the anniversary of the National Revolution. Salazar states that «Portugal is proud to be Britain's old ally» [Source: British Pathé]. Click in the image to watch the trailer.

The Historical Society: War-time


«The stress of War conditions has naturally afected our activities even at this distance, some of our members finding they could render useful clerical assistance to various War-time services needing their collaboration». It can be read in the 4th annual report of The Historical Association (Lisbon Branch), dated 1940.
One of the members was Rev. Father Crowley that I mentioned in my book about SOE in Portugal concerning John Beevor local contacts.