"Klop" Ustinov's in Lisbon


I wrote here [my Portuguese blog on  secret war in Portugal, 1939-1945] about Peter Ustinov's father, Ivan [Joan, alias "Klop"] biography written by Peter Day. 
Compared with what I knew from other sources, the author goes further claiming that, received in Lisbon, in February 1944, by Desmond ("Derry") Bristow [Mi6] "Klop" [Mi5 codenamed U-35] was sent here to meet not some German circles conspiring to assassinate Adolph Hitler, but specifically Otto John [Luftahansa lawyer in Madrid that was later exfiltrated to Gibraltar due to the combined efforts of PVDE's - Portuguese secret police - and Rita Winsor [Mi6 in Lisbon, posing as typist in the British Embassy].
Moreover he emphasizes that Ustinov was acting under the authority of Harold Russel "Kim" Philby [Section V of Mi6, Portuguese desk] a long term soviet mle in the British intelligence community. That I knew already from two different sources: Rufina, Philby's wife after he defeated to the Soviet Union, after the book she wrote Kim Philby Private Life and Genrikh Borovik, a Tass journalist wth KGB connections The Philby Files, published the first in 1999 the second 1994.
The mission of "Klop" served the strategic interests of URSS concerning the non-support of these who intended to kill Hitler. The coup failed and Hitler's life was saved. And war contnued...

Books of my shelves-Walford Selby-2


I continue to quote from Sir Walford Selby memoirs, this time concerning negotiations with Portugal about Portuguese attitude in case of war.The book contains, as an appendix, a lecture given by the author, in April, 8, 1941 addressing to the Royal Empire Society, entitled Portugal - her policy and reactions to the war.

-» 1938, Munich crisis: «I was consulted by the Foreign Office on the drafting of a message to be sent to our ally Portugal» [109], stating «the desire of our Government would be that Portugal should remain neutral», message that was sent by Lord Halifax to Dr. Salazar.

-» Admiralty [Admiral Godfrey] point of you was instead that, although the matter had not been discussed by the Committee of Imperial Defence, Portugal, despite the Alliance in case of war should not be called to be «on our side», but they will count «on her "benevolent" neutrality» [109]; «in the succeeding months many misunderstandings were to arise between us and Portugal as regards the interpretation of Portuguese neutrality» [110]; «this particularly applied to our blockade measures<«, because the Portuguese considered them «an infringement not only of the Portuguese neutrality but of Portuguese sovereignty as well» [111] and Mr. King's, Commercial Secretary, after consultations in London, negotiations with Conde de Tovar, head of the Economic Section of the Portuguese Foreign Office «came to a deadlock» [111].

-» A personal message from Lord Halifax was sent to Dr. Salazar; he «returned a courteous but firm reply» [...] re-emphasised his goodwill, at the same time he insisted on the right of Portugal to interpret her neutrality as seemed best to her in the interested of preservation of her own security. On this point Dr. Salazar made clear that he must reserve his complement liberty of action» [111-112].

... to be continued...

Books of my shelves-Walford Selby-1


I wrote here about him. Sir Walford Harmood Montague Selby, British Ambassador in Portugal (1937-1940). In 1953 his memoirs, under the title Diplomatic Twilight, were published by John Murray. Pages 103-130 are about his mission in Lisbon. This Saturday with the book in my hands, I start quoting some of its relevant material.

-» «On the submission of Lord Halifax», HM, the King conferred on General Carmona «the universally respected Head of the Portuguese Sate» the G.C.B. «correspondingly deep gratification was felt in the British communities in Portugal» [104]

-» «I exercised strong pressure upon Dr. Salazar to prevent him placing his armaments contracts in German and Italy» [104], and «by the summer of the year 1939 [...] we had made no progress in our negotiations with Dr. Salazar» [105]

-» «In the commercial field there had been no improvement of any kind to assist us» [105] so Sir Alexander Roger, of the Anglo-Portuguese Telephone Company, «appeared in Lisbon in the spring and had submitted to Dr. Salazar a Memorandum which he affirmed would have the support of the Federation of British Industries», that «seemed to contemplate some kind of organisation of our commerce in England, which would provide us with resources to enable us to compete with the financial pressure of Germany» [105]

-» «Lord Stonehaven and Lord Davidson, who had visited me in Portugal, told me that they had made strong representations to Lord Halifax on this very point of German penetration» [105; Lord Stonehaven was Chairman of the Benguela Railway]

-» «I drafted three dispatches to take home with me covering the whole field of our relations with Portugal» [105], which were approved by Lord Halifax but implied seven weeks of discussions with the concerned departments of the British Government, evolving Mr. Hore-Belisha, Minister of War, Admiral Phillips, of the Admiralty, Sir Kingsley Wood, Secretary for Air, and at last Sir Alexanderr Cadogan [106-108];

-» As a result those instructions «seemed to satisfy Dr. Salazar» and «shorthly afterwards he awarded to Great Britain the valuable three million contract for the construction of the defences of Lisbon, and from that moment onward he exercised all his good offices in Madrid to assist the British Government in their relations with the Spanish Government» [108]

... to be continued....